The IMF and Protection of Vulnerable Groups

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The concept of vulnerability serves to focus protection on those most in need. While

prominent in human rights law, protection of vulnerable groups is also increasingly

invoked by international economic/financial actors such as the International Monetary

Fund (IMF). The present article explores how vulnerability enters IMF policymaking.

The article looks for points of contact of IMF practice, with a human rights-based

conception of vulnerability. The aim of the article is not to revisit the discussion on

human rights accountability of the IMF. Instead, the article seeks to identify and analyse

the function of vulnerability in the policy-making of the Fund. The protection of

vulnerable groups, the article claims, is gradually constituted as part of the law of the

IMF. For this reason alone, it is of importance to know how vulnerability enters IMF

policy-making and whom the IMF considers vulnerable. Moreover, the IMF also becomes

a source for the identification of vulnerable groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209–243
JournalNordic Journal of International Law
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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