The fixation of CO2 in carbonates: application for iron- and steelmaking

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


In Finland one opportunity for large-scale CO2 capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) is CO2 mineralisation, i.e. mineral carbonation. A process route under development towards industrial application involves production of magnesium hydroxide or sulphate from serpentinite rock (serpentine = 3MgO·2SiO2·2H2O), followed by conversion either in a pressurised fluidised bed (PFB) reactor, giving magnesium carbonate, or in an aqueous solution process giving magnesium hydro-magnesites. Iron present in the rock is typically obtained FeO(OH). Results obtained with these process routes and progress towards industrial demonstration is addressed, process heat integration and operation on flue gases (without CO2 pre-separation!) being key features for economic viability. A process route utilizing calcium- containing slag by-product from iron- and steelmaking under development towards large-scale application is the so-called slag2pcc concept. It converts an industrial by-product into valuable material, reduces use of natural material and streams to landfills while binding CO2 produced by the process generating the slag. Using ammonium salts, calcium is extracted from steel converter (BOF) slags and subsequently carbonated in a two-stage aqueous process (at ambient temperatures and pressures). Precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) is produced while regenerating the ammonium salt. Process performance and scale-up while guaranteeing a certain PCC quality are presented.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publication54th Annual Conference of Metallurgists hosting America's Conference on Aluminum Alloys
Editors n/a
PublisherCanadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-926872-32-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventConference of Metallurgists AND America's Conference on Aluminum Alloys - 54th Annual Conference of Metallurgists (COM 2015). America's Conference on Aluminum Alloys (AMCAA)
Duration: 23 Aug 201526 Aug 2015


ConferenceConference of Metallurgists AND America's Conference on Aluminum Alloys

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