The behaviour of selected yttrium containing bioactive glass microspheres in simulated body environments

D Cacaina, H Ylanen, S Simon, Mikko Hupa

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    The study aims at the manufacture and investigation of biodegradable glass microspheres incorporated with yttrium potentially useful for radionuclide therapy of cancer. The glass microspheres in the SiO(2)-Na(2)O-P(2)O(5)-CaO-K(2)O-MgO system containing yttrium were prepared by conventional melting and flame spheroidization. The behaviour of the yttrium silicate glass microspheres was investigated under in vitro conditions using simulated body fluid (SBF) and Tris buffer solution (TBS), for different periods of time, according to half-life time of the Y-90. The local structure of the glasses and the effect of yttrium on the biodegradability process were evaluated by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Back Scattered Electron Imaging of Scanning Electron Microscopy (BEI-SEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. UV-VIS spectrometry and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used for analyzing the release behaviour of silica and yttrium in the two used solutions. The results indicate that the addition of yttrium to a bioactive glass increases its structural stability which therefore, induced a different behaviour of the glasses in simulated body environments.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1225–1233
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • yttrium
    • bioactive glass

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