Szeged zsidó vallási épületeinek öröksége

Translated title of the contribution: The heritage of the Jewish religious buildings in Szeged

Ágnes Ivett Oszkó, Dora Pataricza

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The Jewish Community of Szeged has a history of nearly two and a half centuries. The New Synagogue (1899–1903) is the most remarkable architectural monument and one of the world's most beautiful synagogues. Its predecessors in the city are two small synagogues built on the same plot 100 and 60 years earlier (1803; 1843). The New Synagogue's designer, Lipót Baumhorn (1860–1932), was known as the most successful synagogue architect of his time. He planned 26 synagogues in the former Hungarian Kingdom (as part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy). Out of these, 22 were built between 1886 and 1932. In Szeged, there are seven secular buildings designed by him, the most impressive of which are the former headquarters of the Szeged-Csongrád Savings Bank and the headquarters of the Jewish community next to the synagogue. He also designed the ceremonial building of the Jewish cemetery. Baumhorn, during the construction of the New Synagogue in Szeged, worked closely with chief rabbi and scholar dr. Immánuel Löw, who applied his immense knowledge in linguistics, the study of religions and botanics to the decoration of the synagogue. Löw also designed the synagogue garden as an organic part of the synagogue, presenting the flora of Israel and Hungary. Our study presents Szeged's synagogues, the community headquarters and the cemetery's ceremonial hall from an architectural and cultural-historical perspective, highlighting the emergence of Jewish ideas in turn-of-the-century architecture.
Translated title of the contributionThe heritage of the Jewish religious buildings in Szeged
Original languageHungarian
Title of host publicationMóra Ferenc Múzeum Évkönyve
EditorsIldikó Bárkányi, Anita Hegedus, István Tóth, Sándor Varga
Place of PublicationSzeged
PublisherMóra Ferenc Museum
Pages233-258
Number of pages25
Volume9
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameYearbook of Móra Ferenc Museum, New Series
PublisherMóra Ferenc Museum
Volume9
ISSN (Print)2064-8480

Keywords

  • Szeged
  • synagogue architecture
  • Jewish cemetery
  • Immanuel Löw
  • Lipot Baumhorn

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