We introduce five new local metal cation (first of all, Ca2+) recognition units in proteins: Clampn,(n-2), Clampn,(n-1), Clampn,n, Clampn,(n+1) and Clampn,(n+2). In these units, the backbone oxygen atom of a residue in position "n" of an amino acid sequence and side-chain oxygen atom of a residue in position "n + i" (i = -2 to +2) directly interact with a metal cation. An analysis of the known "Ca2+-bound niches" in proteins has shown that a system approach based on the simultaneous use of the Clamp units and earlier proposed One-Residue (OR)/Three-Residue (TR) units significantly improves the results of constructing metal cation-binding sites in proteins.
- system approach
- building kit