Synthesis, structure and adsorption properties of nonstoichiometric carbon nitride in comparison with nitrogen-containing carbons

Nataliya D. Shcherban, Svitlana M. Filonenko, Pavel S. Yaremov, Mykola Skoryk, Vladimir G. Ilyin, Atte Aho, Dmitry Murzin

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The samples of nonstoichiometric carbon nitride characterized by spatial ordering, large pore volume (up to 0.8 cm3/g) and specific surface area (up to 585 m2/g) were obtained via matrix carbonization of ethylenediamine in the presence of carbon tetrachloride in mesoporous molecular sieves KIT-6 and MCF as exotemplates. In contrast to nitrogen-containing carbons (obtained by modification of carbon samples with nitrogen in the result of compatible thermal treatment of the initial porous carbon with melamine) nonstoichiometric carbon nitride contains much more nitrogen (up to 13.7 wt.% (C/N = 6), compared with preceding 0.6 wt.%) and increased the quantity of basic nitrogen-containing groups (in particular, amino groups)—up to 0.68 mmol/g (vs. 0.46 mmol/g). The increase of adsorption capacity towards hydrogen and carbon dioxide: adsorption potential, differential heat of CO2 adsorption, specific adsorption on the pore surface—from 5.4 to 7.3 μmol H2/m2 and from 2.2 to 5.4 μmol CO2/m2 for carbon and synthesized samples of nonstoichiometric carbon nitride, respectively, due to the incorporation of nitrogen atoms into the carbon framework was noticed.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)292–299
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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