Synthesis, organotropism and hepatocellular uptake of two tritium-labeled epimers of dihydromicrocystin-LR, a cyanobacterial peptide toxin analog

Jussi Meriluoto, Nygård, Dahlem, John Eriksson

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    Abstract

    Two tritium-labeled epimers of dihydromicrocystin-LR, a derivative of the cyanobacterial peptide hepatotoxin microcystin-LR, were synthesized by reduction with sodium boro[3H]hydride and purified with reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The epimers were hepatotoxic in mice; the i.p. LD50 was 120-135 micrograms/kg. They were concentrated in the liver and to some extent in the intestine and the kidney after an i.v. injection. Freshly isolated rat hepatocytes showed a rapid uptake of both epimers. The cellular uptake of the epimers was almost complete within 5 min at concentrations 1 microM (0.5 microM dihydromicrocystin-LR + 0.5 microM microcystin-LR) and 4 microM (0.5 microM + 3.5 microM). The uptake of the earlier eluting epimer was about three times higher than that of the later eluting epimer.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1439–1446
    JournalToxicon
    Volume28
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1990
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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