Synthesis and characterization of Pd-MCM-22 and Pt-SAPO-11 catalysts for transformation of n-butane to aromatic hydrocarbons

Narendra Kumar*, Rune Byggningsbacka, Mikko Korpi, Lars Eric Lindfors, Tapio Salmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pd-Na-MCM-22, Pd-H-MCM-22 and Pt-SAPO-11 catalysts were synthesized and characterized using techniques of X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, FTIR, nitrogen adsorption and X-ray fluorescency. The FTIR spectra of Pd and Pt modified MCM-22 and SAPO-11 exhibited lower amounts of Brønsted (B) and Lewis (L) acid sites than the unmodified MCM-22 and SAPO-11. The catalysts were tested in the transformation of n-butane to aromatic hydrocarbons. Aluminosilicate type of zeolite catalysts Pd-Na-MCM-22 and Pd-H-MCM-22 exhibited higher selectivity to aromatics than aluminophosphate Pt-SAPO-11. The pretreatment of the catalysts with oxygen and hydrogen was found to influence the n-butane conversion and selectivity to aromatic hydrocarbons. The hydrogen pretreated Pt-SAPO-11 exhibited higher n-butane conversion than the oxygen pretreated. The catalysts exhibited deactivation with time on stream due to coke formation and pore blocking. The specific surface areas of the Pt-SAPO-11, Pd-Na-MCM-22 and Pd-H-MCM-22 deactivated catalysts were found to be lower than the fresh because of coke deposits inside the pores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume227
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Aromatization
  • Catalyst synthesis
  • Characterization
  • Light hydrocarbons
  • MCM-22
  • n-Butane
  • Noble metals
  • SAPO-11
  • Zeolite

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