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n-i-p Type perovskite solar cells generally require air oxidation of the Spiro-OMeTAD layer to achieve high power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, the detailed oxidation mechanism is still not fully understood. In this paper, oxidation of Spiro-OMeTAD was demonstratedviaa non-contact electrochemical route using UV-Vis absorption, laser beam induced current (LBIC) imaging and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) profiling of the Spiro-OMeTAD films. At the cathode, oxygen is reduced to form OH−with the help of H2O, while the anodic reaction is the oxidation of Spiro-OMeTAD to form Spiro-OMeTAD+. Diffusion of Li+towards the surface of the Ag electrode completes the electrochemical cycle and increases the conductivity of the hole-transporting layer. SIMS analyses of the completed devices demonstrate that the oxidation of Spiro-OMeTAD also leads to migration of Li+through the perovskite layer into SnO2, which supposedly leads to an increase of the built-in voltage. We verify these results by incorporation of the experimentally measured Li+concentration into a numerical drift-diffusion simulation, to replicate solar cellJ-V-curves. This work provides a new insight into the oxidation of Spiro-OMeTAD in perovskite solar cells, and demonstrates that Li+migration is involved in the oxidation of Spiro-OMeTAD.
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- 1 Finished
- 1 Visiting an external academic institution
Ronald Österbacka (Visiting researcher)1 Jan 2020 → 31 Aug 2023
Activity: Visiting an external institution › Visiting an external academic institution