Structure and toxicity of a peptide hepatotoxin from the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria agardhii

Jussi Meriluoto, Sandström, John Eriksson, Remaud, Craig, Chattopadhyaya

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    Abstract

    A peptide hepatotoxin was isolated by reversed phase liquid chromatography from the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria agardhii and characterized structurally and toxicologically. Amino acid analyses, proton nuclear magnetic resonance and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry showed that the toxin is a cyclic heptapeptide (mol. wt 1023.5) with the structure cyclo-(Ala-Arg-Asp-Arg-Adda-Glu-N-methyldehydroAla) (Adda: 3-amino-9-methoxy-2,6,8-trimethyl-10-phenyldeca-4,6-dienoic acid). In mice the toxic effects were restricted mainly to the liver where the toxin induced massive hemorrhages and a disruption of the lobular and sinusoidal structure. The i.p. LD50 of the toxin was 250 micrograms/kg. The structural and toxic properties of this peptide are very close to those of microcystins, cyclic peptide toxins produced by the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1021–1034
    JournalToxicon
    Volume27
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1989
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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