Solid-contact Acetate-selective Electrode Based on a 1,3-bis(carbazolyl)urea-ionophore

K Martin, Kadam S A, Ulriika Mattinen, Johan Bobacka, I Leito

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    The construction and study of solid-contact acetate-selective electrodes is described using a 1,3-bis(carbazolyl)urea derivative as a neutral hydrogen-bonding ionophore and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) as the solid contact. It was shown recently that this ionophore binds acetate (logK(ass)=4.98) that is used as primary ion in this study. The electrodes show linearity over the activity range of 10(-4.50)-10(-1.10) with a sub-Nernstian slope of -51.3 mV per decade and a detection limit of 10(-5.00). The anion-selectivity pattern of these electrodes deviates markedly from the Hofmeister pattern. When adding ionophore to the membrane the logarithm of the selectivity coefficient (logK) for SCN- decreased from 6.5 to 1.2, logK for I- decreased from 5.7 to 0.9, logK for NO3- decreased from 4.3 to 0.6 and logK for Br- decreased from 3.3 to 0.1. The selectivity coefficients of hydrophilic anions such as Cl-, F-, HPO42-, and SO42- are significantly lower than in case of the ionophore-free membrane. It was discovered that the constructed electrodes are also relatively selective to bicarbonate. This work is an important step towards the further development of solid-contact anion-selective electrodes.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1061–1066
    Number of pages6
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Conducting materials
    • 4-ethylenedioxythiophene)
    • Poly(3
    • Acetate recognition
    • Ionophores
    • Solid-contact anion-selective electrode

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