A flow cell with a radial distribution of four all-solid-state ion selective electrodes (ISEs), or alternatively three ISEs and one reference electrode, was designed and optimized for mass production. The radial distribution of the electrodes reduces the cell volume and is expected to minimize cross-contamination between different electrodes. Two different cell prototypes were developed and tested for all-solid-state K+-ISEs based on a solvent polymeric ion-selective membrane (ISM) and a conducting polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), as solid internal contact. In the first prototype, PEDOT was electropolymerized from an aqueous solution of the monomer and the doping ion salt, sodium polystyrenesulfonate (NaPSS). The second prototype employed an aqueous dispersion of PEDOT(PSS) that is commercially available (Baytron P. Bayer AG). Compared to electrochemical synthesis, solution casting of the polymer dispersion was found to be a more advantageous method to deposit the conducting polymer layer aiming at mass production. The resulting prototypes of the flow cell had a small volume (ca. 17-37 mul), which makes them suitable for application in clinical analysis. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- flow cell
- Baytron P