Nucleus, as the machinery for genome transcription, play prominent roles to support the fundamental cellular functions, the destruction of any of these specific parts would significantly modulate the cell function. Therefore, troumendous drug delivery systems with enhanced nucleus targeting ability have been studied for nucleus-related disease regulation. The purpose of this review is to sort out the fundamental nuclear targeting strategy, especially the active mechanism of various nuclear targeting ligands and their extensive applications based on cancer targeting therapy. Various nuclear targeting ligands are first introduced to understand their nuclear entry mechanism. Next, to overcome biological barriers and avoid the serum protein absorption, diverse robust delivery strategies based on different nuclear targeting ligands are discussed. Moreover, other sophisticated carrier systems with enhanced nuclear entry, while without nuclear targeting ligands are also assembled. At the end the challenges and future opportunities in the field of nuclear targeting nanotherapeutics are tentatively proposed, to speed up their clinical translation.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Materials and Design|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2022|
|MoE publication type||A2 Review article in a scientific journal|
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Åbo Akademi Functional Printing Center
Martti Toivakka (PI), Jessica Rosenholm (PI), Nicklas Anttu (PI), Johan Bobacka (PI), Tan Phat Huynh (PI), Jouko Peltonen (PI), Xiaoju Wang (PI), Carl-Eric Wilen (PI), Chunlin Xu (PI), Hongbo Zhang (PI) & Ronald Österbacka (PI)Faculty of Science and Engineering