Rheological behavior of high consistency enzymatically fibrillated cellulose suspensions

Aayush Kumar Jaiswal*, Vinay Kumar, Alexey Khakalo, Panu Lahtinen, Katariina Solin, Jaakko Pere, Martti Toivakka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
68 Downloads (Pure)


High-consistency processing of fibrillated cellulose materials is attractive for commercial applications due to potential for lowered production costs, energy savings and easier logistics. The current work investigated structure–property relationships of fibrillated cellulose suspensions produced at 20% consistency using VTT HefCel (High-consistency enzymatic fibrillation of cellulose) technology. Morphological examination of the fibrillated materials revealed that enzymatic action on the cellulose substrates was not a direct function of enzyme dosage but rather was dependent on the raw material composition. Furthermore, shear viscosity of the HefCel suspensions was found to decrease with increasing enzyme dosage while the water retention increased. The shear viscosity followed power law relationship with the power law index varying in the range 0.11–0.73. The shear-thinning behavior decreased with increasing consistency. Moreover, suspension viscosity (μ) was found to be highly dependent on the consistency (c) as μ ∼ c m, with m ranging from 2.75 to 4.31 for different samples. Yield stress (τ y) of the HefCel suspensions was measured at 7 and 10% consistencies. The performance of the fibrillated cellulose grades in a typical application was demonstrated by casting films, which were characterized for their mechanical properties. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2087-2104
Number of pages18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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