Bamboo was fractionated using formic acid based on a one-step organosolv process under high pressure (at 145 degrees C for 45 min, 0.3 MPa) and at atmospheric pressure (at 101 degrees C for 120 min), respectively. High-pressure formic acid lignin, atmospheric formic acid lignin and milled wood lignin of bamboo were subjected to comprehensive structural characterization using gel permeation chromatography (GPC), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and solution -state NMR techniques (H-1, C-13, 2D-HSQC, and P-31-NMR spectroscopies). The results indicated that the formic acid fractionation under high pressure presents a quick and efficient delignification method by enhancing the cleavage of interunitary bonds in lignin (beta-O-4 ', beta-beta and beta-5 '), and dissolved lignin also occurred condensation reaction. As compared to atmospheric formic acid lignin, high-pressure formic acid lignin obtained showed higher purity and yield, and had relatively higher contents of phenolic and carboxylic groups.
- High-pressure fractionation
- Structural analysis