Residence time and axial dispersion of liquids in trickle bed reactors at laboratory scale

Alice Bittante, J. García-Serna, Pierdomenico Biasi, F. Sobrón, Tapio Salmi

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    Abstract

    Hydrodynamic behavior in a lab-scale Trickle Bed Reactor (I.D. 1.15 cm, L = 30 cm, filled with silica particles of 0.2-0.8 mm) has been investigated. Residence time distribution curves were determined using a step transient response via conductivity measurement varying gas flowrate (0-12 mL/min CO2-H-2-O-2 at 78-4.0-18 mol.%) and liquid flowrates (methanol 0.5-2.0 mL/min) at -10 degrees C and atmospheric pressure. We demonstrate that this reactor can be accurately modelled using a combined model of axial dispersion followed by one mixed tank reactor with absolute average deviations lower than 2.6% (maximum deviation of 6.50%). The best results were obtained for a model combining 1-tank reactor with 1.20-6.15 min of residence time in series with a plug flow with residence times from 8.1 to 38.1 min. These values highlight the prevalence of the axial dispersion over the backmixing (exemplified by the mixed tank reactor) with a contribution between 80.3% and 90.1% of the total residence time. The Peclet numbers determined were in the interval of 248.3-699.3, the highest values of Pe were obtained at the highest liquid flowrate indicating the lowest axial dispersion. Correlations with the fraction of liquid flow, gas and liquid Reynolds numbers and the Galilei number are given.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)99–111
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume250
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Trickle bed reactors
    • H2O2 direct synthesis
    • Heterogeneous catalysis
    • Residence time distribution
    • Péclet number
    • Axial dispersion

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