Paulo Santochi Pereira da Silva, Markus Engblom, Nikolai De Martini, Per Tomani, Lars Erik Åkerlund

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Removing lignin from black liquor is of increasing industrial interest. It has the potential to create a new product stream for pulp mills as well as being a method for reducing the load of over-loaded recovery boilers. Currently, there is very little information on the combustion properties of reduced lignin black liquors. Of particular importance is the split of carbon and nitrogen. The carbon split is especially important because it plays an important role in how much carbon reaches the char bed. This in turn affects the lower furnace temperature, which plays an important role in reduction efficiency; sulfur and alkali release; and NO and cyanate formation. The nitrogen split is of interest because a part of the black liquor nitrogen precipitates with the lignin, potentially changing the behavior of black liquor N. The purpose of this work is to investigate the effect of lignin removal on carbon and nitrogen distribution between volatiles and char during pyrolysis.

In this work, black liquors (one SW and one eucalyptus) with different levels of lignin removal were pyrolysed in a single particle furnace for 2 seconds at temperatures from 900°C to 1100°. Additional softwood and hardwood liquors were also pyrolyzed in order to study liquor to liquor variability. The carbon and nitrogen splits were obtained by analyzing the chars from the pyrolysis experiments using a CHNS elemental analyzer. Results show a similar carbon split for liquors with up to 25% lignin removal. The nitrogen split was also found to be fairly consistent with approximately 45% of the nitrogen staying with the char. This information has partly been used in another study in the CFD modeling of the combustion of black liquor with different levels of lignin removal.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2017 International Chemical Recovery Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Chemical Recovery Conference - International Chemical Recovery Conference (ICRC 2017)
Duration: 1 Jan 2017 → …


ConferenceInternational Chemical Recovery Conference
Period01/01/17 → …


  • Black liquor
  • Combustion
  • Lignin
  • pyrolysis

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