Referendum Policies across Political Systems

Nanuli Silagadze, Sergiu Gherghina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

9 Citations (Scopus)


This article compares the use of referendums across political regimes over time in Europe. It

does so on the basis of a new typology that differentiates between policy domains and

degrees of abstraction. The analysis shows different patterns in referendum use between

authoritarian regimes, countries in transition and democracies. In addition to the variation in

policy domains, the findings indicate different institutional features within the polity types:

the process of initiation, the turnout in referendums and the rate of approval. The empirical

evidence draws on an original dataset of 620 referendums organised at national level in Europe

between 1793 and 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-191
JournalPolitical Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeB1 Article in a scientific magazine


  • referendum, typology, policy, Europe


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