Preparation of microspherical chromia–alumina KDM-type catalysts for alkane dehydrogenation is based on utilization of an amorphous nanostructured hydroxide–oxide Al2O3–x(OH)2·nH2O (where x = 0–0.28, n = 0.03–1.8) prepared via the centrifugal thermal activation (CTA) of gibbsite. The fine fraction of this carrier is considered as industrial waste, requiring efficient recycling options, which are explored in this work. A range of physicochemical methods was applied to analyze the main properties (phase composition, morphology, reactivity, etc.) of pilot and industrial batches of gibbsite CTA products. It has been clearly shown that the properties of CTA products are dependent on the nature of gibbsite used. The largest amount of the active amorphous phase of alumina is formed using gibbsite made from concentrated nepheline. Regularities of rehydration of the CTA-products fine fraction in acidic/alkaline media and dissolution in sulfuric acid of the fine fraction of gibbsite and the industrial CTA product were explored to prepare aluminum sulfate, which is a water purification coagulant.
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