Reconciling Work and Family Demands and Related Psychosocial Risk and Support Factors among Working Families: A Finnish National Survey Study

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Abstract: Working families commonly struggle with reconciling work and family demands. While
the Nordic welfare states have been regarded as forerunners in family-friendly policies, worldwide
trends threaten work–family reconciliation also in this context. Therefore, this study aimed to examine
the associations between family interference with work (FIW)/work interference with family (WIF)
and selected psychosocial risk and support factors in the work and family settings of Finnish working
families. Data from the Finnish Quality of Work Life Survey 2018 collected by Statistics Finland were
utilized to conduct binary logistic regression analyses (N = 1431). Risk factors in the work setting
emerged as key covariates as all of them showed statistically significant associations with WIF or both
WIF and FIW. Another key finding was that occasional conflicts within the family were beneficial
in the context of both WIF and FIW. To conclude, both distinct and mutual psychosocial risk and
support factors of FIW and WIF were identified, at the same time as two socio-demographic factors
as well as one workplace factor were identified as covariates specifically of FIW. This study showed
that work–family reconciliation is a considerable challenge among Finnish working families, and
especially to women.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8566
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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