HYPOTHESIS\nPolymer constructs are often applied in nanoparticulate systems to expand their applicability. One such common macromolecular modifier is poly(ethylene imine) - poly(ethylene glycol) copolymers. Despite their quite widespread use, and considering that interaction and stabilization mechanisms when combining a polyelectrolyte with a non-charged polymer are not trivial to pinpoint, these systems are generally poorly characterized in literature. Here, we attempt to provide a solid rationale to utilize PEG-PEI copolymers as surface modifiers and stabilizers/dispersion agents in solid colloidal systems with focus on biomedical applicability.\nEXPERIMENTAL\nmPEG grafted PEI copolymers with two different grafting densities and 100 nm sized non-porous silica nanoparticles (SiNP) were synthesized. Detailed physico-chemical characterization of all prepared materials was conducted with spectroscopic methods, while the interaction mechanisms between the produced copolymers and SiNP were investigated by calorimetry. The influence of increased PEG grafting ratio on the attained colloidal stability of copolymer functionalized SiNP was studied by multiple light scattering, and its further implications on the biobehavior of SiNP were evaluated.\nFINDINGS\nThe interaction mechanism between SiNP and copolymers was concluded to be mainly directed by electrostatics, whereas an influence of PEG grafting density on the adsorption process was also observed. The implications of the surface modifications on the in vitro biobehavior of SiNP were investigated by combining the knowledge obtained by the detailed characterizations with microscopy evaluation under in vitro conditions.