Pruning Influence on Chemical Composition of Spruce Wood (Picea abies (L.) Karst.)

Andrey Pranovich*, Oleg Antonov, Alexander Dobrovolsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The aim of the work was to investigate the influence of pruning on wood composition in different morphological parts of the Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) trees, including heartwood and sapwood compared to normal trees as a reference. Pruning intensity during that treatment was 35–41 % of the total length of the crown for the trees with the average and less than average diameter at breast height and 28 % for the trees with diameter at breast height higher than the average. Components composition of acetone soluble extractives
was analysed by gas chromatography with long and short columns, and their
molar mass distribution was analysed by gel permeation chromatography. The following was determined in the pre-extracted wood tissues: cellulose (acid hydrolysis – gas chromatography); lignin (Acetyl Bromide method) and hemicellulose and pectins composition (acid methanolysis – gas chromatography). Acetone-soluble wood extractives are a complex mixture of different groups of organic compounds, i.e. both lipophilic and polar substances. The high-performance gel permeation chromatography analysis revealed the dominance of triglycerides, steryl esters, fatty and resin acids in the obtained extracts. The amount of monosaccharides in the extracts was also substantial. The chemical composition of wood tissues of the reference and pruned trees was almost similar. Compared to the reference trees, the wood samples of the pruned trees showed increased amounts of resin acids in sapwood, high amounts of lignin and double amounts of fructose in both sapwood and heartwood. The analysis results can be explained by response of trees to their pruning as a defense mechanism against plant pathogens and must be a result of the current physiological activity of those trees, possibly related to differences in crown sizes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-160
Number of pages16
JournalIzvestija vuzov. Lesnoy Zhurnal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • pruning, Picea abies, chemical composition of spruce wood, extractives, cellulose, lignin, hemicelluloses, GC, GPC.


Dive into the research topics of 'Pruning Influence on Chemical Composition of Spruce Wood (Picea abies (L.) Karst.)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this