Although coating and pore structures are commonly discussed in context of paper coating performance, the actual microscopic geometry of the void space still remains largely unknown. A technique to partition a void space of porous material into unambiguously defined collection of individual pores is presented. The characterization technique is based on 3-dimensional image anal., and it can be applied to both exptl. and model packing data. The technique produces useful new information of microscopic properties of pore spaces including distributions of pore size, surface area, pore connectivity, pore surface-to-vol. ratio, throat-to-surface area ratio, as well as fractal structural parameters. Addnl., the technique creates a topol. model of the pore space that can be used as a starting point for predictions of transport processes in porous structures, e.g. short time absorption of printing inks. Basic ideas and accuracy of the characterization technique are demonstrated by analyzing ordered lattice packings of cubic and hexagonal arrangements. Pore spaces in random packings of mono- and polydisperse spherical particles are characterized. The results quantify differences in pore structures caused by changes in particle size distributions. An understanding of microscopic pore structures in coating layers enables the papermaker to improve and optimize coating formulations by using, e.g., pigment-blending.
|Title of host publication||2000 Tappi coating conference : proceedings|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||conference; 2000-05-01; 2000-05-04 - TAPPI Coating Conference|
Duration: 1 May 2000 → 4 May 2000
|Conference||conference; 2000-05-01; 2000-05-04|
|Period||01/05/00 → 04/05/00|