Pinosylvin and monomethylpinosylvin, constituents of an extract from the knot of Pinus sylvestris, reduce inflammatory gene expression and inflammatory responses in vivo

Mirka Laavola, Riina Nieminen, Tiina Leppänen, Christer Eckerman, Bjarne Holmbom, Eeva Moilanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)


    Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is known to be rich in phenolic compounds, which may have anti-inflammatory properties. The present study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of a knot extract from P. sylvestris and two stilbenes, pinosylvin and monomethylpinosylvin, isolated from the extract. Inflammation is characterized by increased release of pro-inflammatory and regulatory mediators including nitric oxide (NO) produced by the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) pathway. The knot extract (EC50 values of 3 and 3 mu mu g/mL) as well as two of its constituents, pinosylvin (EC50 values of 13 and 15 mu M) and monomethylpinosylvin (EC50 values of 8 and 12 mu M), reduced NO production and iNOS expression in activated macrophages. They also inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and MCP-1. More importantly, pinosylvin and monomethylpinosylvin exerted a clear anti-inflammatory effect (80% inhibition at the dose of 100 mg/kg) in the standard in vivo model, carrageenan-induced paw inflammation in the mouse, with the effect being comparable to that of a known iNOS inhibitor L-NIL. The results reveal that the Scots pine stilbenes pinosylvin and monomethylpinosylvin are potential anti-inflammatory compounds.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)3445–3453
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • anti-inflammatory
    • HO-1
    • iNOS
    • Pinus sylvestris
    • stilbene

    Cite this