Optimization of a steel plant with multiple blast furnaces under biomass injection

Anders Carl-Mikael Wiklund, Frank Pettersson, Henrik Saxén

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    9 Citations (Scopus)


    The allocation of resources between several blast furnaces in an integrated steelmaking plant is studied with the aim of finding the lowest specific operation cost for steel production. In order to reduce the use of fossil fuels, biomass was considered as an auxiliary reductant in the furnace after partial pyrolysis in an external unit, as a complement to heavy fuel oil. The optimization considers raw material, energy, and emission costs and a possible credit for sold power and heat. To decrease computational requirements and to guarantee that the global optimum is found, a piecewise linearized model of the blast furnace was used in combination with linear models of the sinter-, coke-, and power plants, hot stoves, and basic oxygen furnace. The optimization was carried out under different constraints on the availability of some raw materials as well as for different efficiencies of the hot stoves of the blast furnaces. The results indicate that a non-uniform distribution of the production between the furnaces can be advantageous, and some surprising findings concerning the optimal resource allocation under constrained operation are reported.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)447–458
    Number of pages12
    JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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