Non-native marine invertebrates are more tolerant towards environmental stress than taxonomically related native species: Results from a globally replicated study

M Lenz, da Gama BAP, NV Gerner, J Gobin, F Gröner, A Harry, SR Jenkins, Patrik Kraufvelin, C Mummelthei, J Sareyka, EA Xavier, M Wahl

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    71 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To predict the risk associated with future introductions, ecologists seek to identify traits that determine the invasiveness of species. Among numerous designated characteristics, tolerance towards environmental stress is one of the most favored. However, there is little empirical support for the assumption that non-native species generally cope better with temporarily unfavorable conditions than native species. To test this concept, we ran five pairwise comparisons between native and non-native marine invertebrates at temperate, subtropical, and tropical sites. We included (natives named first) six bivalves: Brachidontes exustus and Perna viridis, P. perm and Isognomon bicolor. Saccostrea glomerata and Crassostrea gigas, two ascidians: Diplosoma listerianum and Didemnum vexillum as well as two crustaceans: Gammarus zaddachi and G. tigrinus. We simulated acute fluctuations in salinity, oxygen concentration, and temperature, while we measured respiration and survival rates. Under stressful conditions, non-native species consistently showed less pronounced deviations from their normal respiratory performance than their native counterparts. We suggest that this indicates that they have a wider tolerance range. Furthermore, they also revealed higher survival rates under stress. Thus, stress tolerance seems to be a property of successful invaders and could therefore be a useful criterion for screening profiles and risk assessment protocols. 
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)943–952
    Number of pages10
    JournalEnvironmental Research
    Volume111
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Native species
    • Non-native species
    • Respiration
    • Stress tolerance
    • Survival

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