Nanosized Phase Segregation of Sphingomyelin and Dihydrosphigomyelin in Unsaturated Phosphatidylcholine Binary Membranes without Cholesterol.

Tomokazu Yasuda, J Peter Slotte, M Murata

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In this study, we applied fluorescence spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and( 2)H NMR to elucidate the properties of nanoscopic segregated domains in stearoylsphingomyelin (SSM)/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) and dihydrostearoylsphingomyelin (dhSSM)/DOPC binary membranes. The results obtained from fluorescence measurements suggest the existence of gel-like domains with high fluidity in both SSM and dhSSM macroscopic gel phases. The DSC thermograms showed that DOPC destabilizes SM-rich gel-like domains to a much lesser extent compared to the same amount of cholesterol. It was also found that a stable lateral segregation occurs without cholesterol, indicating that SSM itself undergoes homophilic interactions to form small gel- like domains. H-2 NMR experiments disclosed differences in the temperature-dependent ordering of SSM/DOPC and dhSSM/ DOPC bilayers; the dhSSM membrane showed less miscibility with the DOPC fluid phase, higher thermal stability, and tighter packing. In addition, the NMR results suggest the formation of mid-sized gel-like aggregates consisting of dhSSM. These differences could be accounted for by homophilic interactions, as previously reported (Yasuda et al. Biophys. J. 2016, 110, 431 -440). In the absence of cholesterol, the moderately strong sphingomyelin (SM)/SM affinity results in the formation of small gel-like domains, whereas a stronger dhSSM/dhSSM affinity leads to larger gel-like domains. Considering the similar physicochemical features of SSM and dhSSM, the present results suggest that the formation of nanosized domains of SM is better characterized by homophilic interactions than by SM-cholesterol interplay. These effects are considered important to the ordered domain formation of SMs in biological membranes.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)13426–13437
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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