Nach Is a Novel Subgroup at an Early Evolutionary Stage of the CNC-bZIP Subfamily Transcription Factors from the Marine Bacteria to Humans

Zhu Y-P, M Wang, Y Xiang, L Qiu, Hu S, Z Zhang, Peter Mattjus, X Zhu, Y Zhang

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Normal growth and development, as well as adaptive responses to various intracellular and environmental stresses, are tightly controlled by transcriptional networks. The evolutionarily conserved genomic sequences across species highlights the architecture of such certain regulatory elements. Among them, one of the most conserved transcription factors is the basic-region leucine zipper (bZIP) family. Herein, we have performed phylogenetic analysis of these bZIP proteins and found, to our surprise, that there exist a few homologous proteins of the family members Jun, Fos, ATF2, BATF, C/EBP and CNC (cap'n'collar) in either viruses or bacteria, albeit expansion and diversification of this bZIP superfamily have occurred in vertebrates from metazoan. Interestingly, a specific group of bZIP proteins is identified, designated Nach (Nrf and CNC homology), because of their strong conservation with all the known CNC and NF-E2 p45 subunit-related factors Nrf1 and Nrf2. Further experimental evidence has also been provided, revealing that Nach1 and Nach2 from the marine bacteria exert distinctive functions, when compared with human Nrf1 and Nrf2, in the transcriptional regulation of antioxidant response element (ARE)-battery genes. Collectively, further insights into these Nach/CNC-bZIP subfamily transcription factors provide a novel better understanding of distinct biological functions of these factors expressed in distinct species from the marine bacteria to humans.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Nach
  • CNC
  • bZIP transcription factor
  • interaction network
  • transmembrane
  • topobiology
  • moving membrane-proteins
  • degron
  • suicidon
  • redox stress
  • Nrf1
  • Nrf2
  • ATF6
  • Jun

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