n-Butane isomerization over Pt-H-MCM-41

V. Nieminen, N. Kumar, T. Salmi, D. Yu Murzin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isomerization of n-butane over Pt ion-exchanged H-MCM-41 catalyst was studied with varying weight hour space velocities and reactant flow dilutions by using hydrogen or nitrogen as carrier gases. As a comparison, H-MCM-41 was evaluated in n-butane transformations, but it did not exhibit any activity. The main products over Pt-H-MCM-41 were methane, ethane, propane, butenes, isobutane and negligible amounts of other products, indicating that hydrogenolysis was taking place to large extent. The absence of pentanes and a low selectivity to propane as products suggests that dimerization-cracking pathway did not occur. Rather high amounts of isobutane are probably formed parallel to hydrogenolysis via a monomolecular pathway following a bifunctional mechanism. This involves butane dehydrogenation to linear butene, isomerization of linear butene to isobutene followed by hydrogenation of isobutene to isobutane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-19
Number of pages5
JournalCatalysis Communications
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Isomerization
  • MCM-41
  • Mesoporous
  • N-Butane
  • Pt ion-exchange

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