Multispectroscopic and Computational Investigations on the Binding Mechanism of Dicaffeoylquinic Acids with Ovalbumin

Perumal Manivel, Parthiban Marimuthu, Sun Yu, Xiumin Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, studies on the interactions between ovalbumin (OVA) and polyphenols have received a great deal of interest. This study explored the conformational changes and the interaction mechanism of the binding between OVA and chlorogenic acid (CGA) isomers such as 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acids (3,4-diCQA), 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acids (4,5-diCQA), and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acids (3,5-diCQA) using multispectroscopic and in silico analyses. The emission spectra show that the diCQAs caused strong quenching of OVA fluorescence under different temperatures through a static quenching mechanism with hydrogen bond (H-bond) and van der Waals (vdW) interactions. The values of binding constants (OVA-3,4-diCQA = 6.123 × 105, OVA-3,5-diCQA = 2.485 × 105, OVA-4,5-diCQA = 4.698 × 105dm3mol-1at 298 K) suggested that diCQAs had a strong binding affinity toward OVA, among which OVA-3,4-diCQA exhibits higher binding constant. The results of UV-vis absorption and synchronous fluorescence indicated that the binding of all three diCQAs to OVA induced conformational and micro-environmental changes in the protein. The findings of molecular modeling further validate the significant role of vdW force and H-bond interactions in ensuring the stable binding of OVA-diCQA complexes. Temperature-dependent molecular dynamics simulation studies allow estimation of the individual components that contribute to the total bound free energy value, which allows evaluation of the nature of the interactions involved. This research can provide information for future investigations on food proteins' physicochemical stability and CGA bioavailability in vitro or in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6133-6147
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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