Multi-Element Analysis of Dry-Ashed Honey Samples by Thick-Target PIXE

K-E Saarela, Jan-Olof Lill, L. Harju, A. indroos, S-J Heselius

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    Honey samples were dry ashed at 550 degrees C and the ashes were directly analysed with the Thick-Target Particle Induced X-ray Emission (TTPIXE) technique. The elements P, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ph, Rb and Sr, were analysed quantitatively. The method allowed the determination of concentrations well below 100 ng/g for most of the elements studied. The ash content can be used for characterization of a honey sample. The samples were collected from two areas in Finland and from the Prague region in the Czech Republic. A Cu-Ni smelter, documented as a source of heavy-metal emission, is situated in one of the areas in Finland. A comparison of metal concentrations in ashes of honey samples proved to be useful for environmental monitoring.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)273–285
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1998
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • dry ashing
    • heavy metals
    • honey
    • multi-element analysis
    • PIXE

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