Mothers' employment, parental involvement, and the implications for intermediate child outcomes

Cathleen D. Zick, Keith Bryant, Eva Österbacka

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    93 Citations (Scopus)


    Data from me National Survey of Families and Households are used to investigate how married mothers' work patterns affect the frequency of potentially human capital enriching parent-child activities and. in turn, if these parent-child activities and work patterns are related to children's subsequent behavior and academic achievements. The analyses suggest that both parents in employed-mother households engage in reading/homework activities with their children more frequently than do parents in households where the mother is not employed. Increases in the frequency of reading/homework activities and playing/project activities are found to be related to fewer behavioral problems and higher grades. At the same time, the direct effect of a mother's employment during the preschool years generally has no effect on intermediate child outcomes. (C) 2001 Academic Press.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)25–49
    Number of pages25
    JournalSocial Science Research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • child outcomes
    • mothers' employment
    • parent-child time
    • parental involvement

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