The state of a blast furnace hearth, especially the liquid level of hot metal and slag during the tapping process, is of crucial importance with respect to a long campaign blast furnace. In practice, the state of the hearth is evaluated mainly by the experience of operators. In this paper, the electromotive force (EMF) is used to monitor the liquid level of a laboratory scale of blast furnace hearth and the effect of liquid level, EMF sensors position and the thickness of refractory on EMF signals are tested using a single layer of water and double layers of water and oil. After laboratory experiments, the electromotive force (EMF) is used to monitor the liquid level of torpedo ladle successfully. Laboratory experimental results show that the change in liquid level can be characterized by EMF signal. The state of liquid surface and local thermal state cause the EMF signal to vary in the circumferential direction of the vessel. Furthermore, the EMF signal magnitude decreases with the decrease of the thickness of the graphite crucible. Finally, the main conclusions of the laboratory experiment are supported by the torpedo ladle experiment.
- liquid level
- thermal state