Public participation innovations, such as the mobile participation trial analyzed in this paper, are increasingly adopted in hopes of deepening and broadening participation. The impact of the source of the engagement on the type of participation occurring in these types of arenas remain largely unexplored. To address this question, a typology derived from the literature on public participation is used to explore the engagement in the trial. The results show how explicit opinions, local knowledge, and creative input are expressed in the material depending on whether the discussions are initiated from the top-down or bottom-up.
- Citizen participation
- urban planning