Mineralisation of carbon dioxide (CO2)

R. Zevenhoven*, J. Fagerlund

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mineralisation of carbon dioxide (CO2), or mineral carbonation, involves the reaction of CO2 with materials containing alkaline-earth oxides like magnesium oxide (MgO) and calcium oxide (CaO). For large-scale CO2 capture and sequestration (CCS) purposes this makes use of the vast resources of magnesium silicate minerals that are available worldwide, resulting in an environmentally benign magnesium carbonate product that needs no post- storage monitoring. As a spin-off technology related to this, the production of valuable calcium carbonates from industrial by-products and wastes quickly develops into profitable technology. Technologies, raw material resources and recent developments are presented here, with chemical reaction kinetics, recovery/re-use of chemical additives and energy economy being important bottlenecks.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDevelopments and Innovation in Carbon Dioxide (Co 2 ) Capture and Storage Technology
    PublisherElsevier Ltd
    Pages433-462
    Number of pages30
    Volume2
    ISBN (Print)9781845697976
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010
    MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

    Keywords

    • CO mineralisation
    • Industrial by-products and wastes
    • Magnesium carbonate
    • Magnesium silicate mineral
    • Precipitated calcium carbonate

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