Mesoporous silica coated CeO2 nanozymes with combined lipid-lowering and antioxidant activity induce long-term improvement of the metabolic profile in obese Zucker rats

Marina Parra-Robert, Muling Zeng, Ying Shu, Guillermo Fernández-Varo, Meritxell Perramón, Diti Desai, Junhao Chen, Dongdong Guo, Xu Zhang, Manuel Morales-Ruiz, Jessica M. Rosenholm*, Wladimiro Jiménez, Víctor Puntes*, Eudald Casals*, Gregori Casals*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity is one of the most important public health problems that is associated with an array of metabolic disorders linked to cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. A sustained therapeutic approach to stop the escalating prevalence of obesity and its associated metabolic comorbidities remains elusive. Herein, we developed a novel nanocomposite based on mesoporous silica coated cerium oxide (CeO2) nanozymes that reduce the circulating levels of fatty acids and remarkably improve the metabolic phenotype in a model of obese Zucker rats five weeks after its administration. Lipidomic and gene expression analyses showed an amelioration of the hyperlipidemia and of the hepatic and adipose metabolic dysregulations, which was associated with a down-regulation of the hepatic PI3K/mTOR/AKT pathway and a reduction of the M1 proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α. In addition, the coating of the CeO2 maximized its cell antioxidant protective effects and minimized non-hepatic biodistribution. The one-pot synthesis method for the nanocomposite fabrication is implemented entirely in aqueous solution, room temperature and open atmosphere conditions, favoring scalability and offering a safe and translatable lipid-lowering and antioxidant nanomedicine to treat metabolic comorbidities associated with obesity. This approach may be further applied to address other metabolic disorders related to hyperlipidemia, low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8452-8466
Number of pages15
JournalNanoscale
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • mesoporous silica nanoparticles
  • nanozyme
  • ceria

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