Measuring the concentration of carboxylic acid groups in torrefied spruce wood

Tooran Khazraie Shoulaifar, Nikolai De Martini, Ari Ivaska, Pedro Fardim, Mikko Hupa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)338–343
    Number of pages6
    JournalBioresource Technology
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Carboxylic acid groups
    • Methylene blue sorption
    • Potentiometric titration
    • Spruce wood
    • Torrefaction

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