Magnetic properties, oxygen content and metal valences in BaRE(Cu0.5Fe0.5)2O5+δ with RE = Lu, Yb, Y, Eu, Sm, Nd and Pr

M. Kochi*, J. Lindén, T. Taniyama, K. Lehmus, M. Karppinen, H. Yamauchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Oxygen-deficient double-perovskite samples of BaRE(Cu0.5Fe0.5)2O5+δ (RE = Lu, Yb, Y, Eu, Sm, Nd and Pr; 0 ≤ δ ≤ 0.45) have been characterized for their magnetic properties. For the samples with RE = Lu-Sm, the oxygen content could be raised above δ ≈ 0 only by means of high-pressure heat treatment. In the case of the larger rare earth elements, i.e. Nd and Pr, excess oxygen was easily introduced under normal pressure as well. The (Cu0.5Fe0.5)O2 planes were found to exhibit antiferromagnetism at or below room temperature and weak spontaneous magnetization below approx. 80 K. The Neel temperature decreases with increasing amount of excess oxygen. Based on the charge-neutrality principle and the 57Fe Mossbauer data, the average valences of Fe and Cu were deduced. The ratio of six-coordinated Fe3+ to Fe5+ depends on both the choice of RE and the sample preparation process. The excess oxygen introduced into the RE layer upon the high-pressure heat treatment increases not only the valence of Fe but also the valence of Cu. The behavior of an observed susceptibility anomaly around 80 K was studied upon varying δ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-136
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2000
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Discussion Meeting on Chemistry Approaches to High-Tc Superconductive Materials / 5th International Workshop on Chemical Designing and Processing of High-Tc Superconductors (Chem-HTSC-V) - Yokohama, Jpn
Duration: 15 Oct 199916 Oct 1999


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