We measured the long-term test-retest reliability of [(11)C]raclopride binding in striatal subregions, the thalamus and the cortex using the bolus-plus-infusion method and a high-resolution positron emission scanner. Seven healthy male volunteers underwent two positron emission tomography (PET) [(11)C]raclopride assessments, with a 5-week retest interval. D2/3 receptor availability was quantified as binding potential using the simplified reference tissue model. Absolute variability (VAR) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values indicated very good reproducibility for the striatum and were 4.5%/0.82, 3.9%/0.83, and 3.9%/0.82, for the caudate nucleus, putamen, and ventral striatum, respectively. Thalamic reliability was also very good, with VAR of 3.7% and ICC of 0.92. Test-retest data for cortical areas showed good to moderate reproducibility (6.1% to 13.1%). Our results are in line with previous test-retest studies of [(11)C]raclopride binding in the striatum. A novel finding is the relatively low variability of [(11)C]raclopride binding, providing suggestive evidence that extrastriatal D2/3 binding can be studied in vivo with [(11)C]raclopride PET to be verified in future studies.
|Journal||Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|