Light sensitivity and potential stability of electrically conducting polymers commonly used in solid contact ion-selective electrodes

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    The results of a systematic study of the light sensitivity and long-term potential stability (30 days) of poly(pyrrole) (PPy), poly(3-octylthiophene) (POT), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), poly(aniline) (PANI) and plasticised poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) containing 20% (m/m) PANI are reported. Thin films were prepared either electrochemically or by the solution casting technique. This fundamental study is of importance because conducting polymers (CP) are commonly used as ion-to-electron transduction materials in all-solid-state solid contact ion-selective electrodes. The potential stability test done in 0.1 M KCl (pH 7.5) simulates the extreme situation when the CP-based SC becomes in direct contact with water. Films prepared of a nanodispersion of PANI showed both good potential stability and insensitivity to light even under illumination with very intensive light (> 10(5) lx). In contrary, it was observed that POT is very light-sensitive. Upon illumination with intensive light, the potential responses of POT films prepared by solution casting and electropolymerisation were 315 and 590 mV, respectively. A room light sensitivity of approximately -10 to -15 mV was observed for these films. The other CPs in this study were insensitive to room light (similar to 150 lx), but were light-sensitive under illumination with intensive light. The potential drift of PPy(Cl) is below -10 mu V/h (3-30 days), whereas the other most stable CPs in this study had a slightly higher potential drift.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)77–89
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Conducting polymers
    • Ion-selective electrodes
    • Light sensitivity
    • Potential stability
    • Solid contact

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