Layered double hydroxide-cellulose hybrid beads: A novel catalyst for topochemical grafting of pulp fibers

Liji Sobhanadhas, Lokesh Kesavan, Mika Lastusaari, Pedro Fardim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    Cellulose-based materials are very attractive for emerging bioeconomy as they are renewable, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly. Cellulose beads are spherical and porous and can be highly engineered to be used as catalyst support material. This type of inorganic catalysts is cost-effective and suitable for multiple re-usage and has been rarely explored in cellulose reaction research. In this work, NiFe-layered double hydroxide (LDH) was tailor-made in situ on anionic cellulose beads to form a hybrid, supported photocatalyst for the first time. The hybrid beads were prepared in a size larger than the pulp fibers in order to make the catalysis reaction heterogeneous in nature. Hydrophilic pulp fibers were converted into hydrophobic pulp by photocatalytic topochemical grafting of ethyl acrylate using the LDH-cellulose bead catalyst. The approach identified for the modification of the pulp fibers is the “hydrogen abstraction–UV photografting” because the low-energy, UV radiation-induced grafting offers advantages, such as a reduced degradation of the backbone polymer and a control over the grafting reaction. After grafting, the pulp fibers showed increased water repellency and unaltered thermal stability, indicating the hydrophobic, plasticizing nature of the pulp, which in turn accounts for its thermoformable behavior. These acrylated pulp fibers can be further designed/customized for waterproof or oil absorption applications.

    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)320–330
    JournalACS Omega
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Deposition process
    • Catalysts
    • Contact angle
    • Cellulose pulp
    • Green chemistry

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