Labeled directed acyclic graphs: a generalization of context-specific independence in directed graphical models

Johan Pensar, Henrik Nyman, Timo Koski, Jukka Corander

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We introduce a novel class of labeled directed acyclic graph (LDAG) models for finite sets of discrete variables. LDAGs generalize earlier proposals for allowing local structures in the conditional probability distribution of a node, such that unrestricted label sets determine which edges can be deleted from the underlying directed acyclic graph (DAG) for a given context. Several properties of these models are derived, including a generalization of the concept of Markov equivalence classes. Efficient Bayesian learning of LDAGs is enabled by introducing an LDAG-based factorization of the Dirichlet prior for the model parameters, such that the marginal likelihood can be calculated analytically. In addition, we develop a novel prior distribution for the model structures that can appropriately penalize a model for its labeling complexity. A non-reversible Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm combined with a greedy hill climbing approach is used for illustrating the useful properties of LDAG models for both real and synthetic data sets. We introduce a novel class of labeled directed acyclic graph (LDAG) models for finite sets of discrete variables. LDAGs generalize earlier proposals for allowing local structures in the conditional probability distribution of a node, such that unrestricted label sets determine which edges can be deleted from the underlying directed acyclic graph (DAG) for a given context. Several properties of these models are derived, including a generalization of the concept of Markov equivalence classes. Efficient Bayesian learning of LDAGs is enabled by introducing an LDAG-based factorization of the Dirichlet prior for the model parameters, such that the marginal likelihood can be calculated analytically. In addition, we develop a novel prior distribution for the model structures that can appropriately penalize a model for its labeling complexity. A non-reversible Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm combined with a greedy hill climbing approach is used for illustrating the useful properties of LDAG models for both real and synthetic data sets.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)503–533
    JournalData Mining and Knowledge Discovery
    Volume29
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • graphical model
    • context-specific interaction model
    • Markov chain Monte Carlo
    • Directed acyclic graph

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