Isomerization of n-butane to isobutane over Pt-SAPO-5, SAPO-5, Pt-H-mordenite and H-mordenite catalysts

Narendra Kumar*, Jose Ignacio Villegas, Tapio Salmi, Dmitry Yu Murzin, Teemu Heikkilä

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminium sulphate, sodium aluminate, aluminium oxide and pseudo-boehmite were used as sources of aluminium in the synthesis of SAPO-5. The samples were characterized using XRD, SEM, XRF, FTIR and nitrogen adsorption. The formation of SAPO-5 phase, morphology, surface area and catalytic properties were found to be influenced by the source of aluminium used in the synthesis. The sample synthesized using pseudo-boehmite as a source of aluminium showed most phase pure silicoaluminophosphate, whereas syntheses using aluminium phosphate or sodium aluminate only formed quartz and berlinite. The FT-IR spectra exhibited the presence of Brønsted and Lewis acid sites in the Pt-SAPO-5, SAPO-5, Pt-H-mordenite and H-mordenite catalysts. Modification of SAPO-5 and mordenite by Pt impregnation did not influence the structures of these catalytic materials. The Pt-H-mordenite and H-mordenite catalysts with stronger Brønsted acidity exhibited higher conversion of n-butane and yield to isobutane than Pt-SAPO-5 and SAPO-5 catalysts with weak acid sites. Introduction of Pt in SAPO-5 and mordenite played a positive role in the isomerization of n-butane to isobutane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-361
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Today
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Isomerization
  • Mordenite
  • n-Butane
  • Pt-mordenite
  • Pt-SAPO-5
  • SAPO-5


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