Influence of fuel pre-treatments on ash-forming elements and implications on corrosion

Patrik Yrjas, Michiel Carbo, Arno Janssen, Pedro Abelha, Timo Leino, Leena Hupa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


The demand for increased use of CO2-neutral biomass fuels has led to an increased use of difficult

fuels such as straw, agrofuels, and biomass waste streams. However, these types of fuels have

resulted in limited steam temperatures in power boilers and thus limited efficiencies. To challenge

these limitations one alternative is to pre-treat fuels in such a way that the harmful elements either is

removed from the fuels or stabilized so they are not able to form corrosive compounds. Torrefaction,

steam explosion and hydrothermal processes are examples of fuel up-grading treatments.

In this paper, six fuel samples have been studied:

- Original spruce bark

- Torrefied spruce bark

- Pre-washed spruce bark followed by torrefaction

- Original wheat straw

- Torrefied wheat straw

- Pre-washed wheat straw followed by torrefaction

The fuels have been chemically fractionated by treating them consecutively with three different

solvents (H2O, ammonium acetate, 1 M HCl). The solubilities of the elements were determined

showing that the pre-treatments did not significantly change the expected behaviour of the ash forming


The fuel qualities were improved mainly due to lower chlorine contents. In the case of bark,

torrefaction was enough to improve the quality while in the case with wheat straw also the pre-washing

step was needed.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publication23rd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion - Innovative Fluidized Bed Conversion Technology for a Sustainable Development
PublisherThe Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers (KIChE)
ISBN (Print)978-89-950005-7-1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion (FBC) - 23rd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion (FBC)
Duration: 13 May 201817 May 2018


ConferenceInternational Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion (FBC)

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