Magnesium is important for both bone growth and cartilage formation. However, the postoperative intake of antibiotics such as quinolones may cause a redn. in magnesium levels in tissue. The addn. of magnesium to scaffolds may therefore be beneficial for the regeneration of osteochondral defects. In this study, porous composite scaffolds were produced by gas foaming of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) rods with magnesium-contg. bioresorbable glasses and magnesium hydroxide as fillers. The in vitro hydrolytical degrdn. of the composite scaffolds in Tris buffer was followed over a 10-wk period. Mg2+ was released in a controlled manner from the scaffolds with varying release profiles between the different materials. Higher glass content resulted in a reduced mass loss compared to scaffolds with lower glass content. As a result of the foaming method, the scaffolds shrank initially, without evidence that the addn. of hydrophilic fillers would decrease the initial shrinkage.
- biomedical applications
- Porous materials
- properties and characterization