Improved charging/discharging behavior of electropolymerized nanostructured composite films of polyaniline and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide

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    Abstract

    In this work, a simple electrochemical reduction procedure has been applied to nanostructured composite films of polyaniline (PANI) and graphene oxide (GO) having a globular surface morphology with the grain size of 50 nm. The reduction converts GO to reduced GO (rGO) which improves the electroactivity of the PANI composite films with 30%. Cyclic voltammetry confirmed the reduction of GO to rGO whereas electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that the rGO network increases the redox capacitance of the composite films with 15% to 77 mF cm−2. In a three-electrode cell, the anodic charge of the PANI film containing GO increased with 18.7% during the potential cycling stability test for 10,000 cycles between −0.2 and 0.5 V, indicating that the film had a good stability against degradation. This composite film type still maintained a high capacitance of 15 mF cm−2 in a symmetric two-electrode cell after 10,000 potential cycles between 0 and 0.4 V. The electrochemically prepared PANI composite films reported here are aimed to be used in capacitor applications where it is crucial to deposit thin PANI layers on well-defined small surfaces where other polymerization or deposition techniques cannot be used and in solid-state chemical sensors as ion-to-electron transducer interfaces.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)122–131
    JournalCarbon
    Volume69
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Composite film
    • Polyaniline
    • Reduced graphene oxide
    • Electropolymerization

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