Impact of cultivation conditions on xylanase production and growth in Paenibacillus mucilaginosus

Dung T. Ha*, Albert V. Kanarsky, Zosia A. Kanarskaya, Andrei V. Shcherbakov, Elena N. Shcherbakova, Andrey V. Pranovich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Xylanase is an enzyme that hydrolyses beta-1,4 bonds in plant xylan. This enzyme is applied in the bioconversion of agro-industrial waste for xylooligosaccharide hydrolysate production to improve digestibility and nutrition value of animal feed, food processing, the utilisation and faster decomposition of crop debris in soil, as well as in cellulose bleaching and other industries. The current trend focuses on using renewable resources, such as agricultural waste, as substitutes for expensive purified xylan in producer screening and xylanase synthesis. This work aimed to determine the impact of Paenibacillus mucilaginosus cultivation conditions on the xylanase production yield. Rice bran ferment lysate along with birch and beech timber xylans were used as a carbon source. Temperature, medium pH, pH correction factors, inoculant incubation time, carbon and nitrogen sources and concentrations were the studied criteria of xylanase biosynthesis and growth in bacteria P. ucilaginosus strain 560. We show that the xylanase biosynthesis and cultivation in P. mucilaginosus strain 560 are more practical and cost-effective with the use of a rice bran ferment lysate-based nutrient medium. Inductors contained in the rice bran ferment lysate improve the xylanase biosynthesis. Calcium ions also facilitate biosynthesis in the studied strain. Cultivation recommendations are: carbon source concentration in medium 0.5% of total reducing substances content; 0.2% carbamide as optimal nitrogen source; calcium hydroxide as an agent for medium pH correction to 6.0 ± 0.2; cultivation temperature 30 ± 1 degrees C. Under the specified conditions, cultivation of P. mucilaginosus does not require inoculate pre-processing, and a maximal xylanase activity in stationary culture reaches 20 U/mL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-469
Number of pages11
JournalIzvestiya Vuzov. Prikladnaya Khimiya i Biotekhnologiya
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • rice bran
  • birch
  • beech
  • xylan
  • Paenibacillus mucilaginosus
  • culturing
  • xylanase


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