High-temperature pH measuring during hot-water extraction of hemicelluloses from wood

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    A high-temperature pH measuring system was developed, calibrated, and validated for measuring pH during hot-water extraction of hemicelluloses from wood. The aim was to measure in-line pH during extraction in order to control the extraction pH. An yttria-stabilized Zr/ZrO2 electrode was used for measuring the potential. Phthalate and phosphate buffers were used to calibrate the system at 160, 170, and 180 degrees C. Also, different buffer concentrations were tested for stability. Tap water and different salt solutions were tested to investigate the system response to pure water and water solutions. Calibration curves were acquired from the calibration results and Nernst equation was used to calculate the in-line pH during wood extractions. The setup showed stable and reliable potential readings during both calibration tests and wood extractions. The in-line pH was found to be 0.35 pH units higher than when measured at room temperature with a conventional pH meter.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)9–15
    Number of pages7
    JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Hemicelluloses
    • High-temperature pH
    • Hot-water extraction
    • pH calibration
    • Spruce wood

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