High-speed production of antibacterial fabrics using liquid flame spray

Kofi Brobbey, Janne Haapanen, Mikko Tuominen, Jyrki Mäkelä, Marianne Gunell, Erkki Eerola, Jarkko J Saarinen, Martti Toivakka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are known as one of the major problems of the modern healthcare system, which result in additional cost and mortality. It has also been shown that pathogenic bacteria are mostly transferred via surfaces in healthcare settings. Therefore, antibacterial surfaces, which include fabrics and textiles, can be used in a healthcare environment to reduce the transfer of pathogenic bacteria, hence reducing HAIs. Silver nanoparticles have been shown to have broad spectrum antibacterial properties, and therefore they have been incorporated into fabrics to provide antibacterial functionality. Liquid flame spray (LFS) nanoparticle synthesis allows nanoparticles to be produced and deposited on surfaces at speeds up to and beyond 300 m/min. Herein, LFS is used to deposit silver nanoparticles onto two fabrics that are commonly used in the hospital environment with the aim of producing antibacterial fabrics. A thin plasma coating on top of the fabrics after silver deposition is used to improve nanoparticle adhesion. Fabrics coated with silver nanoparticles demonstrated antibacterial properties against Escherichia coli. Nanoparticle imaging and surface chemical characterization are performed using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.The highlights of this research are as follows: • high-speed synthesis and deposition of silver nanoparticles on fabrics; • plasma coating onto fabrics with silver nanoparticles; • antibacterial fabrics for potential use in healthcare environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503–511
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Liquid Flame Spray (LFS)
  • antibacterial activity


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