Glass coating natural fibres by diatomisation: A bright future for biofouling technology

Muhammad Zusron, Immanuel Sanka, Matin Nuhamunada, Yudithia Damayanti, Sri Nopitasari, Afina Dina Kamila, Alfian Bani Kusuma, Eka Fitriana Chandra Ningrum, Annisa Resa Rahmawati, Nibras Zakiyah, Dinda Ayu Islami, Cakra Buwana Prabaswara, Mukunda Adhikari, Eko Agus Suyono, Parvez Alam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    This article concerns a biotechnological method by which natural bioglass diatoms can be attached to natural fibre surfaces. We consider the attachment energetics of diatom extracellular polymers to the main constituents of flax fibre surfaces (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) and find that after attachment, certain diatom frustule geometries are more or less effective in improving fibre bending and tensile resistance. We postulate mechanisms by which different bioglass diatom frustule geometries are able to reinforce natural fibres. Our research opens new channels by which means natural fibres can have their properties improved through diatomisation biofouling technologies.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)81–88
    JournalMaterials Today Communications
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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